SRINAGAR, OCT 14: In a major health concern, Jammu and Kashmir has reported over 1500% increase in dengue cases over the last five years.
Dengue is a viral infection caused by the dengue virus, which is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of infected female mosquitoes.
According to official figures, there has been a significant increase in dengue cases in Jammu and Kashmir over the last five years.
In 2018, at least 214 dengue cases were reported in J&K and the number has reached 3000 this year so far indicating over 1500% increase in the disease over the last five years.
Experts say the disease can manifest in a wide range of symptoms. “The symptoms include high fever, pain behind the eyes, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, abdominal pain, vomiting, and bleeding,” said Dr Bilal Bhat, a general physician.
He said preventing dengue is crucial to avoid the potentially severe illness it can cause.
“We have to take various measures including eliminating mosquito breeding sites, removing containers that can collect stagnant water, and applying an effective mosquito repellent to exposed skin and clothing, especially during the daytime,” he said.
“We have to ensure doors and windows are equipped with screens to keep mosquitoes out of your home. If travelling to dengue-prone areas, take extra precautions, such as using insect repellent, staying in air-conditioned or well-screened accommodations, and wearing protective clothing,” he recommended.
Experts said after recovering from dengue, it’s important to take certain precautions. They said those who test positive for dengue should stay well-hydrated, and consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Dr Bilal said recovery from dengue fever can vary from person to person.
“Some may experience fatigue, joint and muscle pain, headaches, skin rashes, gastrointestinal issues like nausea and cognitive issues. These post-dengue symptoms are generally temporary, and most individuals recover fully with time. If one experiences severe or prolonged symptoms, it’s advisable to consult a doctor,” he added.